Interesting Facts about James Monroe as a Child
As a child, James Monroe enjoyed hunting and often carried his rifle with him as he walked to school. Since he walked through the forests, he would often hunt birds, and other small game and always kept the family's dinner table full of wild game.
When his father, Spence Monroe died, James enrolled at college. Although his studies were important, they was 2nd on his list of priorities. Being an active member in the student revolutionary movement, young James Monroe was among the many participants in the raid of the British arsenals at the governor's palace to help supply the Williamsburg militia.
In December of 1776, under the command of General George Washington, James Monroe crossed the frozen Delaware River from Pennsylvania to Trenton, New Jersey. He engaged in the battle of Trenton that lasted 4 days, and was wounded in one of the raids. General George Washington promoted James Monroe to Captain, for his courageous performance during this battle.
Interesting Facts about James Monroe as America's 5th President
On March 4, 1817, James Monroe took oath of office. His first term as president became known as "The era of Good Feeling"
Because of a British invasion on the capital in 1814, James Monroe's family was unable to move into the Executive Mansion until September 1817, after renovations were completed. Since white paint was used to cover the massive amount of burn scars on the building, the Executive Mansion was renamed "The White House". The Executive Mansion has been called this ever since.
During the beginning of Monroe's Presidency, many slaves fled to Florida and lived among the Seminole Indian tribes. The Seminoles, along with these runaway slaves, began raiding settlements in Georgia. Because Spain would not intervene in this matter, Monroe sent Gen. Andrew Jackson to suppress the raids. Jackson invaded the Seminole villages that were attacking Georgia, taking control of two towns, St. Marks and Pensacola, and overthrowing the Spanish governor. This became known as the First Seminole War.
President James Monroe, in his seventh annual State of the Union Address to Congress on Dec. 2, 1823, announced that the United States will not permit any European nation to extend its holdings or use armed force on the two American continents. This speech given to congress was a long speech, but has been an American foreign policy ever since it was spoken. Although it was given by President James Monroe in 1823, it was actually written by The Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, and became known as "The Monroe Doctrine".
Interesting Facts about James Monroe after His Presidency
Because of the many diplomatic missions in Europe before James Monroe became president, Monroe had to spend a large portion of his own personal finances. Because Monroe acquired this very large debt as a Minister to France, he felt he should be reimbursed this money and began commissioning congress for the payment. By 1831 Congress finally agreed to pay a portion of his claims.
After Monroe's wife died in September 1830, Monroe became depressed, alone, and soon lost the ability to do everyday tasks. His younger daughter, Maria Gouverneur, took him in, and cared for him. The Bank of the United States took over his Highlands estate, and his family sold the Oak Hill estate to compensate for the remainder of his debts.
Monroe died on July 4, 1831, in his daughter's home in New York City. James Monroe was laid to rest on July 7th at the Marble Cemetery in downtown New York City, and thousands of citizens joined the funeral procession. In 1858 Samuel Mathews, the governor of Virginia, had Monroe's remains relocated to Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Va., for a memorial service to honor James Monroe's 100th birthday.